Infertility is a disease of the reproductive system that impairs one of the body's most basic functions: the conception of children. It is defined in practical terms as a couple's inability to achieve pregnancy after a year of unprotected intercourse.
Male infertility solely constitutes 20% of the infertile population. Moreover, some contemporary reports suggest that the number of sub-fertile males is on the increase.
Advances in various assisted reproduction techniques allow many sub-fertile and infertile men to father a child. Despite these developments, the proper evaluation of the infertile male remains crucial for the diagnosis of potentially correctable and uncorrectable causes of male factor infertility for ultimate management in a cost effective manner.
At initial stage male infertility specialist performs physical examination of the patient to check both primary and secondary sexual characteristics of male body. Physical examinations of the man determine his general state of health and identify any physical problems that may impact his fertility. The doctor also interviews about their sexual habits. If the physical examination and history do not indicate any reason for the couple’s inability to conceive, the next step is to conduct testing to identify the cause of infertility.
After initial physical examination the consultant will order specific test to diagnose the cause of infertility. These tests will include hormonal investigations, radiological investigations and the most important Semen examination.
After getting the diagnosis the infertility specialist will chose the treatment option as per the convolution of the problem. The treatment option may include: